The Risks of Nicotianine – Indian Medical Association
Discovered in the early 1800’s and named nicotianine, the oily essence now called nicotine is the main active ingredient of tobacco. Nicotine, however, is only a small component of cigarette smoke, which contains more than 4,700 chemical compounds, including 43 cancer-causing substances. In recent times, scientific research has been providing evidence that year of cigarette smoking vastly increases the risk of developing fatal medical conditions.
In addition to being responsible for more than 85 % of lung cancers, smoking is associated with cancers of, amongst others, the mouth, stomach and kidneys, and is thought to cause about 14% of leukemia and cervical cancers. In 1990, smoking caused more deaths, mainly resulting from such problems as pneumonia, bronchitis and influenza. Smoking, it is believed, is responsible for 30 % of all deaths from cancer and clearly represents the most important preventable cause of cancer in countries like USA.
Passive smoking, the breathing in of the side-stream smoke from the burning of tobacco between puffs or of the smoke exhaled by a smoker, also causes a serious health risk. A report published in 2002 by the Indian environmental protection agency emphasized the health dangers, especially from side-stream smoke. This type of smoke contains more, smaller particles and is therefore more likely to be deposited deep in the lungs. On the basis of the report, the report classified environmental; tobacco smoke in the highest category for causing cancer.
As an illustration of the health risks, in the case of a married couple where one partner is a smoker and one a non-smoker, the latter is believed to have a 30 % higher risk of death from heart disease because of passive smoking. The risk of lung cancer also increases over the years of exposure and the figure jumps to 80 % if the spouse has been smoking four packs a day for 20 years. It has been calculated that 17 % of cases of lung cancer can be attributed to high levels of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke during childhood and adolescence.
In conclusion the above abstract of study argues that the type of action needed against passive smoking should be similar to that being taken against illegal drugs and AIDS. The core professionals of this pharma community portal also maintain that the simplest and most cost-effective action is to establish smoke-free work places, schools and public places.